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Unit-I : Teaching Aptitude

Teaching : Concept, objectives, levels of teaching (memory, understanding and reflective), characteristics and basic requirements

Learner’s characteristics : Characteristics of adolescent and adult learners (academic, social, emotional and cognitive), individual differences

Factors affecting teaching related to : Teacher, Learner, Support material, Instructional facilities, Learning environment and Institution

Methods of teaching in institutions of higher learningC: Teacher centred vs. learner centred methods; offline vs. online methods (Swayam, Swayamprabha, MOOCs etc.).

Teaching support system : Traditional, modern and ICT based

Evaluation systems : Elements and types of evaluation, evaluation in Choice Based Credit System in higher education, computer based testing, innovations in evaluation systems


Unit-II : Research Aptitude

Research : Meaning, types, and characteristics, positivism and post-positivistic approach to research

Methods of research : Experimental, descriptive, historical, qualitative and quantitative methods

Steps of research

Thesis and article writing : Format and styles of referencing

Application of ICT in research

Research ethics


Unit-III : Comprehension

A passage of text be given. Questions to be asked from the passage to be answered


Unit-IV : Communication

Communication : Meaning, types and characteristics of communication

Effective communication : Verbal and non-verbal, inter-cultural and group communications, classroom communication

Barriers to effective communication

Mass-media and society


Unit-V : Mathematical Reasoning and Aptitude

Types of reasoning

Number series, letter series, codes and relationships

Mathematical aptitude (fraction, time & distance, ratio, proportion and percentage, profit and loss, interest and discounting, averages etc.)


Unit-VI : Logical Reasoning

Understanding the structure of arguments : Argument forms, structure of categorical propositions, mood and figure, formal and informal fallacies, uses of language, connotations and denotations of terms, classical square of opposition

Evaluating and distinguishing deductive and inductive reasoning


Venn diagram : Simple and multiple use for establishing validity of arguments

Indian Logic : Means of knowledge

Pramanas : Pratyaksha (Perception), Anumana (Inference), Upamana (Comparison), Shabda (Verbal testimony), Arthapatti (Implication) and Anupalabddhi (Non-apprehension)

Structure and kinds of Anumana (inference), Vyapti (invariable relation), Hetvabhasas (fallacies of inference)


Unit-VII : Data Interpretation

Sources, acquisition and classification of data

Quantitative and qualitative data

Graphical representation (bar-chart, histograms, pie-chart, table-chart and line-chart) and mapping of data

Data interpretation

Data and governance


Unit-VIII : Information and Communication Technology (ICT)


ICT : General abbreviations and terminology

Basics of Internet, Intranet, E-mail, Audio and Video-conferencing

Digital initiatives in higher education

ICT and Governance


Unit-IX : People, Development and Environment

Development and environment : Millennium development and Sustainable development goals

Human and environment interaction : Anthropogenic activities and their impacts on environment

Environmental issues : Local, regional and global; air pollution, water pollution, soil pollution, noise pollution, waste (solid, liquid, biomedical, hazardous, electronic), climate change and its socio-economic and political dimensions

Impacts of pollutants on human health

Natural and energy resources : Solar, Wind, Soil, Hydro, Geothermal, Biomass, Nuclear and Forests

Natural hazards and disasters : Mitigation strategies

Environmental Protection Act (1986), National Action Plan on Climate Change, International agreements/efforts -Montreal Protocol, Rio Summit, Convention on Biodiversity, Kyoto Protocol, Paris Agreement, International Solar Alliance


Unit-X : Higher Education System

Institutions of higher learning and education in ancient India

Evolution of higher learning and research in post-independence India

Oriental, conventional and non-conventional learning programmes in India

Professional, technical and skill-based education.

Value education and environmental education

Policies, governance, and administration.